British Chemists Get Biogradable Polycarbonates from Sugar

Jun 28th, 2017

Polymer Chemistry journal announces about a revolutionary invention of the British chemists that in the future will exclude carbohydrates from the production of polycarbonates and other plastics. A technology includes the transformation of sugar and carbon dioxide into polycarbonates. Plastic products are highly demanded by the growing population of the globe. Originally and up till now, fossil fuels have been the basic element for polymer production. However, these resources are high-priced and not eco-friendly which makes an alternative technology of plastic production more attractive to consumers. The production of renewable plastics from sugar and carbon dioxide is cheap. Moreover, biodegradable plastics will not pollute the world ocean and the surface of the earth compared to oil and gas products.

Conventional plastics are non-bio gradable and are left behind in the waste landfill for hundreds of years. Annually over 300 million tonnes of plastic contaminate the environment. Plastic fractions hurt and kill many birds, fish and sea animals.  British scientists offer the solution of the coming plastic collapse with new methods of polymer and plastic synthesis that can be applied in the production of eyeglasses, compact disks, kitchenware, electronics and other household items.

This method of synthesis bonds together the molecules of elementary sugars and carbon dioxide at room temperature thus turning them into single elements of future polymer molecules. Finally, these molecules form long chains without heating and catalysing. It means that a new technology does not require carbon oxychloride and other toxic catalysts which are currently used at polymer facilities.

Innovative polymers or polycarbonates are well biodegradable and are currently used in food production and medical industry.  Simple sugars together with carbon oxide from the atmosphere enable manufacturers to produce eco-polymers which can be widely applied in everyday life and at manufacturing sites.

These plastics are flexible and can be modified according to the function of a product. For instance, the scientists are introducing a new method for the artificial growth of organs and tissues for a human body.